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Gender and Violence. The Changing Face of Politics. Glimpsing the Future—With Hope. Work and Gender: Women at Work in India. Race and Ethnicity. Laying the Sociological Foundation. Prejudice and Discrimination. Theories of Prejudice. Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations. Racial-Ethnic Relations in the United States. Looking Toward the Future. Aging in Global Perspective. Recurring Problems.
The Sociology of Death and Dying. The Transformation of Economic Systems. The Transformation of the Medium of Exchange. World Economic Systems. The Functionalist Perspective on the Globalization of Capitalism. The Conflict Perspective on the Globalization of Capitalism. Work in U.
Global Capitalism and Our Future. Small Town USA. Micropolitics and Macropolitics. Power, Authority, and Violence. Types of Government. The U. Political System. Who Rules the United States?
War and Terrorism: Implementing Political Objectives. A New World Order? Marriage and Family in Global Perspective. Marriage and Family in Theoretical Perspective. The Family Life Cycle. Diversity in U. Trends in U. Divorce and Remarriage. Two Sides of Family Life. The Future of Marriage and Family. The Development of Modern Education.
Education in Global Perspective. The Functionalist Perspective: Providing Social Benefits. The Conflict Perspective: Perpetuating Social Inequality.
The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Teacher Expectations. Problems in U. Education—and Their Solutions. Technology and Education. What Is Religion? Religion and the Spirit of Capitalism. The World's Major Religions.
Types of Religious Groups. Religion in the United States. The Future of Religion. Holy Week in Spain. Sociology and the Study of Medicine and Health. Historical Patterns of Health. Issues in Health Care. Threats to Health. Treatment or Prevention? The Future of Medicine.
Population in Global Perspective. Population Growth. The Development of Cities. Models of Urban Growth. City Life. Urban Problems and Social Policy. Collective Behavior and Social Movements. Collective Behavior. Early Explanations: The Transformation of the Individual. The Contemporary View: The Rationality of the Crowd. Forms of Collective Behavior. C Gender is sociologically significant because it is the way in which society controls its members.
A sex typing 2. B sexual harassment 3. C gender stratification 4. A psychological 2. B biological 3. C philosophical 4. With our own culture embedded so deeply within us, practic- ing cultural relativism is difficult to do. It is likely that the Malagasy custom of dancing with the dead seemed both strange and wrong to you.
If we practice cultural relativism, however, we will view both dancing with the dead and bullfighting from the perspec- tive of the cultures in which they take place. It will be their history, their folklore, their ideas of bravery, sex roles, and mortality that we will use to understand their behavior.
You may still regard dancing with the dead as strange and bull- fighting as wrong, of course, particularly if your culture, which is deeply ingrained in you, has no history of dancing with the dead or of bullfighting.
We all possess culturally specific ideas about how to show respect to the dead.
We also possess culturally specific ideas cultural relativism not judging a culture but trying to understand it on its own terms Many Americans perceive bullfighting as a cruel activity that should be illegal everywhere.
To most Spaniards, bullfighting is a sport that pits matador and bull in a unifying image of power, courage, and glory. Cultural relativism requires that we suspend our own perspectives in order to grasp the perspectives of others, something easier described than attained.
Explore on MySocLab Activity: The Asian Population in the United States: In Part III, we turn our focus on social inequality, examining how it pervades society and its impact on our own lives. The first Chapter 7 , with its global focus, presents an overview of the principles of stratification. The second Chapter 8 , with its emphasis on social class, focuses on stratification in U.
After establishing this broader context of social stratification, we examine inequalities of race and ethnicity Chapter 9 and then those of gender and age Chapter Part IV helps students become more aware of how social institutions encompass their lives. We first look at politics and the economy, our overarching social institutions Chapter After examining the family Chapter 12 , we then turn our focus on education and religion Chapter One of the emphases in this part of the book is how our social institutions are changing and how their changes, in turn, influence our orientations and decisions.
With its focus on broad social change, Part V provides an appropriate conclusion for the book. Here we examine why our world is changing so rapidly, as well as catch a glimpse of what is yet to come. We first analyze trends in population and urbanization, those sweeping forces that affect our lives so significantly but that ordinarily remain below our level of awareness Chapter We conclude the book with an analysis of technology, social movements, and the environment Chapter 15 , which takes us to the cutting edge of the vital changes that engulf us all.
Themes and Features Six central themes run throughout this text: For each of these themes, except globalization, which is incorporated in several of the others, I have written a series of boxes.
These boxed features are one of my favorite components of the book. They are especially useful for introducing the controversial topics that make sociology such a lively activity. Down-to-Earth Sociology As many years of teaching have taught me, all too often textbooks are written to appeal to the adopters of texts rather than to the students who must learn from them.
The term is also featured in my introductory reader, Down-to- Earth Sociology: Introductory Readings, to appear in its 15th edition New York: The Free Press, This first theme is highlighted by a series of boxed features that explore sociological processes that underlie everyday life. The topics we review in these Down-to-Earth Sociology boxes are highly diverse. Here are some of them. Du Bois, an early sociologist, in studying U. To reinforce this theme, I avoid unnecessary jargon and use concise explanations and clear and simple but not reductive language.
Globalization In the second theme, globalization, we explore the impact of global issues on our lives and on the lives of people around the world. All of us are feeling the effects of an increasingly powerful and encompassing global economy, one that intertwines the fates of nations.
The globalization of capitalism influences the kinds of skills and knowledge we need, the types of work available to us—and whether work is available at all. Globalization also underlies the costs of the goods and services we consume and whether our country is at war or peace—or, as we seem to be in our permanent war economy, in some uncharted middle ground between the two.
In addition to the strong emphasis on global issues that runs throughout this text, I have written a separate chapter on global stratification Chapter 7. I also feature global issues in the chapters on social institutions and the final chapters on social change: What occurs in Russia, Germany, and China, as well as in much smaller nations such as Syria and Iraq, has far- reaching consequences on our own lives.
Consequently, in addition to the global focus that runs throughout the text, the next theme, cultural diversity, also has a strong global emphasis. Cultural Diversity around the World and in the United States The third theme, cultural diversity, has two primary emphases.
The first is cultural diversity around the world. At times, when we learn about other cultures, we gain an appreciation for the life of other peoples. To highlight this first subtheme, I have written a series of boxes called Cultural Diversity around the World.
The stimulating contexts of these contrasts can help students develop their sociological imagination. They encourage students to see connections among key sociological concepts such as culture, socialization, norms, race—ethnicity, gender, and social class. Critical Thinking In our fourth theme, critical thinking, we focus on controversial social issues, inviting students to examine various sides of those issues.
Like the boxed features, these sections can enliven your classroom with a vibrant exchange of ideas. Because of their controversial nature, these sections stimulate both critical thinking and lively class discussions. They also provide provocative topics for in- class debates and small discussion groups, effective ways to enliven a class and present sociological ideas.
Sociology and the New Technology The fifth theme, sociology and the new technology, explores an aspect of social life that has come to be central in our lives.
We welcome our many new technological tools, for they help us to be more efficient at performing our daily tasks, from making a living to communicating with others—whether those people are nearby or on the other side of the globe. The significance of our new technology, however, extends far beyond the tools and the ease and efficiency they bring to our lives.
The new technology is better envisioned as a social revolution that will leave few aspects of our lives untouched. Its effects are so profound that it even changes the ways we view life. This theme is introduced in Chapter 2, where technology is defined and presented as an essential aspect of culture.
The impact of technology is then discussed throughout the text. Examples include how technology is related to cultural change Chapter 2 , fantasy life Chapter 4 , the control of workers Chapter 5 , and the maintenance of global stratification Chapter 7. To highlight this theme, I have written a series of boxes titled Sociology and the New Technology.
In these boxes, we explore how technology affects our lives as it changes society. We consider how they penetrate our consciousness to such a degree that they even influence how we perceive our own bodies.
As your students consider this theme, they may begin to grasp how the mass media shape their attitudes. If so, they will come to view the mass media in a different light, which should further stimulate their sociological imagination. To make this theme more prominent for students, I have written a series of boxed features called Mass Media in Social Life.
As is discussed in the next section, some of the most interesting—and even fascinating—topics are presented in a visual form. Poet in Qatar sentenced to life in prison for writing a poem critical of the royal family Topic: Chinese leaders block Internet access to Facebook and Twitter Topic: The Picosecond laser scanner can read molecules on a human body Topic: Researching the American Dream: A Personal Journey Figure 8.
Living in the Dorm: Contact Theory Down-to-Earth Sociology box: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack: Exploring Cultural Privilege Topic: Predatory lending increased monthly payments for home mortgages, causing many African Americans to lose their homes when the economic crisis hit Topic: Senate Topic: President Obama signed an Executive Order allowing work permits to unauthorized immigrants who meet certain qualifications Chapter 10 Gender and Age Thinking Critically section: Making the Social Explicit: Affirmative Action for Men?
Down-to-Earth Sociology box: Applying Sociology: How to Get a Higher Salary Topic: Women in jobs that give them authority and men in nurturing occupations reaffirm their gender at home Topic: Both males and females who are given a single dose of testosterone seek higher status and show less regard for the feelings of others Topic: Dominance behavior, such as winning a game, produces higher levels of testosterone Topic: Targeted Killings Topic: The communist rulers of China, sensitive to online communications, change course if they sense strong sentiment in some direction Topic: Health Benefits of Marriage: Chapter 1 The Sociological Perspective Topic: The divorce rate of couples who cohabit before marriage is about the same as those who did not cohabit.
Malls track patrons through their Smartphones so stores can send them targeted ads Topic: Face-recognition cameras at kiosks classify people by age and sex and post targeted ads Topic: Are We Prisoners of Our Genes?
Gender messages from homosexual parents Topic: Babies might have an inborn sense of fairness, indicating that, like language, morality is a capacity hardwired in the brain Topic: Students give higher ratings to better- looking teachers Topic: To become slender, some women inject themselves daily with hCG, a hormone that comes from the urine of pregnant women Chapter 5 Social Groups and Formal Organizations Topic: Network analysis is being used to reduce gang violence Topic: The Saints and the Roughnecks: Labeling in Everyday Life Thinking Critically section: When the State Breaks Down Topic: The number of U.
S prisoners has begun to drop Topic: Participant observation of youth gangs confirms research that ideas of masculinity encourage violence, including homicide Topic: Diversion as a way to avoid labeling youthful offenders as delinquent Topic: Citigroup fined over a half billion dollars for selling fraudulent subprime mortgages Topic: California is releasing some prisoners whose third crime under the three-strikes law was not violent Topic: The elimination of lead in gasoline could be the main cause for the drop in crime Topic: The estate system of social stratifiation Topic: Family Structure: Love and Arranged Marriage in India Topic: New Bianchi research on the gendered division of family labor Topic: Single women who give birth are taking longer to get married Topic: About one-fourth 23 percent of U.
Men who marry and those who cohabit live longer than men who remain single or are divorced Topic: Marriages between Asian Americans and whites and African American women and white men have lower divorce rates than the national average Topic: A national sample of students, kindergarten through 5th grade, shows teachers bias against boys Topic: Most Washington D. The Pope has begun to tweet, sending messages in characters or less Chapter 14 Population and Urbanization Down-to-Earth Sociology box: To encourage births, one Russian city is giving a day off work to make love and prizes to women who give birth on Russia day Topic: Indian officials say that female infanticide, which has led to India having an extra 37 million men, is a major cause of sexual harassment and rape Chapter 15 Social Change and the Environment Thinking Critically section: The Island Nations: The Boston bombing Topic: The U.
China has accused the United States of tens of thousands of cyberattacks against its military websites Topic: Both Russia and the United States still claim the right of first-strike, the right to strike the other with nuclear weapons even though the other has not launched any Topic: To protect its interests in Africa, the U.
The nuclear catastrophe at Fukushima, Japan xx Many figures and tables show how social data have changed over time. This allows students to see trends in social life and to make predictions of how these trends, if they continue, might affect their own lives. Examples include Figure 1. Marriage, U. Divorce Chapter 1 Figure 8. Social Structure and Social Interaction appears in Chapter 4. The photos I took in this city illustrate how social structure surrounds us, setting the scene for our interactions, limiting and directing them.
When a Tornado Strikes: Social Organization Following a Natural Disaster When a tornado hit a small town just hours from where I lived, I photographed the aftermath of the disaster.
The police let me in to view the neighborhood where the tornado had struck, destroying homes and killing several people. I was impressed by how quickly people were putting their lives back together, the topic of this photo essay Chapter 4.
Helping a Stranger Occasionally, maybe rarely, when doing sociological research, everything falls into place. This photo essay could carry the subtitle Serendipity in Research.
The Dump People: